the organisation. Lay summary (PDF) (10 February 2015). (When the wh -word is the subject or forms part of the subject, no inversion occurs: Who saw the cat?.) Prepositional phrases can also be fronted when they are the question's theme,.g. (1989) "Lexico-semantic variation in Nigerian English World Englishes, 8(2 165177. One such usage that is also prominent in the country is in speech, where most Filipinos from Manila would use or have been exposed to Taglish, a form of code-switching between Tagalog and English. First, the waves of Norse colonisation of northern parts of the British Isles in the 8th and 9th centuries put Old English into intense contact with Old Norse, a North Germanic language. Merriam Webster 2015, Entry "contract". Each of these areas are home both to a local variety of English and a local English based creole, combining English and African languages. Middle English literature includes Geoffrey Chaucer 's The Canterbury Tales, and Malory's Le Morte d'Arthur.
Both standard and non-standard varieties of English can include both formal or informal styles, distinguished by word choice and syntax and use both technical and non-technical registers. In the Middle English period, the use of regional dialects in writing proliferated, and dialect traits were even used for effect by authors such as Chaucer. Australian and New Zealand English stand out for their innovative vowels: many short vowels are fronted or raised, whereas many long vowels have diphthongised. Most count nouns are inflected for plural number through the use of the plural suffix - s, but a few nouns have irregular plural forms. 207 Over half of these words are nouns, a quarter adjectives, and a seventh verbs. You you your yours yourselves 3rd.
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Although in most countries English is not an official language, it is currently the language most often taught as a foreign language. Abercrombie,.; Daniels, Peter. Kachru bases his model on the history of how English spread in different countries, how users acquire English, and the range of uses English has in each country. 7, english has developed over the course of more than 1,400 years. English Phonology: An Introduction. Onsets can only have four types of consonant clusters: a stop and approximant, as in play ; a voiceless fricative and approximant, as in fly or sly ; s and a voiceless stop, as in stay ; and. A process more common in Old English than in Modern English, but still productive in Modern English, is the use of derivational suffixes ( -hood, -ness, -ing, -ility ) to derive new words from existing words (especially those of Germanic. Historically the -s possessive has been used for animate nouns, whereas the of possessive has been reserved for inanimate nouns.
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It is generally stated that English has around 170,000 words, or 220,000 if obsolete words are counted; this estimate is based on the last full edition of the Oxford English Dictionary from 1989. There are also systematic spelling differences between British and American English. There is no single sensible answer to this question. The Cambridge Encyclopedia of the English Language (2nd.). Retrieved 29 November 2016. English in England can be divided into four major dialect regions, Southwest English, South eskorte grimstad norsk porno gratis
East English, Midlands English, and Northern English. Native speakers are now substantially outnumbered worldwide by second-language speakers of English (not counted in this chart). English Next India: The future of English in India (PDF). A deictic pronoun points to some person or object by identifying it relative to the speech situationfor example, the pronoun I identifies the speaker, and the pronoun you, the addressee. In a single-syllable word, a vowel before a fortis stop is shortened: thus nip has a noticeably shorter vowel (phonetically, but not phonemically) than nib nb ( see below ). Through all types of printed and electronic media, and spurred by the emergence of the United States as a global superpower, English has become the leading language of international discourse and the lingua franca in many regions and professional. Digraphs used to represent phonemes and phoneme sequences include ch for /t sh for th for / or ng for qu for /kw and ph for /f/ in Greek-derived words. English also facilitated worldwide international communication. However the centre of norsified English seems to have been in the Midlands around Lindsey, and after 920 CE when Lindsey was reincorporated into the Anglo-Saxon polity, Norse features spread from there into English varieties that had not been in direct contact with Norse speakers. Noeles by comyxstion and mellyng, furst wi Danes, and afterward wi Normans, in menye e contray longage ys asperyed, and som vse strange wlaffyng, chyteryng, harryng, and garryng grisbytting. The consonants that may appear together in onsets or codas are restricted, as is the order in which they may appear. 52 In the 20th century the growing economic and cultural influence of the United States and its status as a superpower following the Second World War has, along with worldwide broadcasting in English by the BBC 55 and other broadcasters. In Modern English, adjectives are not inflected, and they do not agree in form with the noun they modify, as adjectives in most other Indo-European languages. Lay summary (23 February 2015). The tall man with the long red trousers and his skinny wife with the spectacles (this NP uses conjunctions, prepositions, specifiers, and modifiers). English is classified as an Anglo-Frisian language because Frisian and English share other features, such as the palatalisation of consonants that were velar consonants in Proto-Germanic (see Phonological history of Old English Palatalization ). English is used as the language for wider communication in countries around the world. These four vowels are only distinguished in RP, Australia, New Zealand and South Africa. By the time of the foundation of the United Nations at the end of World War II, English had become pre-eminent and is now the main worldwide language of diplomacy and international relations. Post-Imperial English: Status Change in Former British and American Colonies. Within Britain, non-standard or lower class dialect features were increasingly stigmatised, leading to the quick spread of the prestige varieties among the middle classes. The Great Vowel Shift explains many irregularities in spelling since English retains many spellings from Middle English, and it also explains why English vowel letters have very different pronunciations from the same letters in other languages.